File Name: hiv and aids world research .zip
Scientists believe that HIV originally came from a virus particular to chimpanzees in West Africa during the s, and originally transmitted to humans through the transfer of blood through hunting. Over the decades, the virus spread through Africa, and to other parts of the world.
HIV is a virus that targets and alters the immune system, increasing the risk and impact of other infections and diseases. Without treatment, the infection might progress to an advanced stage called AIDS. The life expectancy of a person with HIV is now approaching that of someone who tests negative for the virus, provided that the person takes medications called antiretroviral therapy on an ongoing basis.
Explaining HIV and AIDS
Scientists believe that HIV originally came from a virus particular to chimpanzees in West Africa during the s, and originally transmitted to humans through the transfer of blood through hunting. Over the decades, the virus spread through Africa, and to other parts of the world. In the US, reporting of unusually high rates of the rare forms of pneumonia and cancer in young gay men begins.
Cases are also reported in Injection Drug Users by the end of the year. It is realized that the infection can be sexually transmitted and caused by HIV. Cases are reported in blood transfusion recipients. It is discovered that HIV can be passed from mother to child through breast-feeding.
The red ribbon became the international symbol of AIDS awareness, intended to be a symbol of compassion for people living with HIV and their carers. An estimated 33 million people were living with HIV, and 14 million people were recognized to have died from AIDS since the start of the epidemic. Photo Credit: Timothy Ray Brown left with the German hematologist who did the transplant that cured him. The Discovery In the US, reporting of unusually high rates of the rare forms of pneumonia and cancer in young gay men begins.
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History of HIV/AIDS
In , 1. The vast majority of cases occur in Sub-Saharan Africa see Figure 1. It is estimated that only 54 percent of people living with HIV are aware that they have it, and that 59 percent of people with the virus are not accessing treatment. This represented a percent overall increase in DALYs compared to There has also been an 84 percent increase in access to treatment since Substantial efforts driven by a global focus informed by the Millennium Development Goals and other global pushes for funding and research have likely contributed to this progress. Importantly, resources for HIV continue to be made available.
Metrics details. In the absence of international financial support, governments are turning towards national health insurance schemes to finance universal health coverage, making access to healthcare contingent on regular financial contributions. It is not clear how AIDS treatment will be fit in. The preference for national health insurance as the best way to achieve universal health coverage should be reconsidered. The fulfilment of the promise to include civil society in decision-making processes about universal health coverage is long overdue. It has achieved significant results in removing the poverty barriers to accessing treatment, reaching key populations and other marginalised groups, involving communities in service provision and decision-making processes, and putting the right to health at its core [ 1 ].
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , young people aged 13—29 accounted for 39 percent of all new HIV infections in HIV is a disease that does not discriminate. Anyone can contract this disease, which is why it is important for students to be AWARE of how to protect themselves and prevent the transmission of HIV. HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. When individuals reach this stage, they are at high risk for opportunistic infections due to their badly damaged immune system. HIV is found in specific human body fluids. You can be infected with HIV if any of the following fluids enter your body:.
Research is a fundamental part of achieving an AIDS-free generation. Over the last several decades, knowledge has grown tremendously about how the virus is transmitted, how it replicates, and how it causes AIDS. The U. Agency for International Development USAID is leading the way in cultivating strategic partnerships to implement HIV and AIDS research and technology development programs, designing and managing biomedical and implementation research, disseminating research findings and supporting their programmatic and policy applications, and supporting sustainable capacity building for HIV and AIDS research.
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