File Name: pool table rules and regulations .zip
- 8 Ball Pool Rules
- Rules of snooker
- Kelly Pool Rules
- 8-Ball Rules: An Overview of Pool’s Most Popular Game
Bar billiards is a friendly and popular cue sport played in bars in England and other areas around the world. The rules of bar billiards are similar in many ways to English billiard rules. Many people may know the trendy pub game as Russian Billiards.
8 Ball Pool Rules
The player who pockets their entire group and then legally pockets the 8-ball wins the game. The player with the lowest official UPA Speed Rating shall break first with an alternating break format taking place thereafter. Winner of lag is the player whose ball is closer to head of the rail. The base of the rack is parallel to the short end of the pool table and is positioned so the ball in the tip of the rack is located on the center of the foot spot.
The balls in the rack are pressed together tightly to acquire a solid rack, and remain in contact after the rack is removed. Within the rack, the 8-ball is centered while the two corners are occupied by the two opposite groups one solid ball and one striped ball. The game begins with the cue ball in hand placed anywhere behind the head string. NOTE: Touching or positioning of balls after the rack has been removed is never permitted.
Player must re-rack if this occurs see 9. For the break shot to be legal, the breaker with the base of the cue ball placed anywhere behind the head string must either pocket a number ball or drive at least four 4 number balls to one or more rails.
No ball is called, and the cue ball is not required to hit any particular object ball first. If the breaker fails to make the legal break requirement, the balls will be re-racked and the opponent shall have the option of breaking or requesting the offending player to break again.
When any numbered ball is pocketed on a legal break the breaking player is to continue their inning see 5. Legally pocketing the 8-ball on the break no foul committed wins the game for the breaker. The table is always open immediately after the break shot. When the table is open, it is legal to hit one group of balls in order to pocket another ball from the opposite group.
NOTE: The 8-ball may be utilized in a combination as long as it is not struck first; this action would result in a foul. I n Call Pocket, it is encouraged that all balls be specified along with their intended pocket. However obvious balls and their respective pockets do not have to be specified.
Any bank shot object ball to rail , kick shot rail s to object ball , or combinations 2 or more balls from either group must be called to their designated pocket, or they are considered a miss. Call pocket notes: a It is never necessary to specify details such as the number of banks, kisses, caroms, rails, etc. If a player commits more than one foul on one shot, only one foul will be called. Using the tip is a foul, and ball in hand will be given to the other player.
If the accidental movement of a ball s results in the disturbed ball s being struck by any moving balls in play, it results in a ball in hand foul. However the opponent may exercise the option of keeping disturbed ball s in new position if they so choose.
Only after receiving consent from the opponent, the player who has committed the error may move the disturbed object ball s back to original position. If the player who has committed the infraction touches any of the disturbed balls without consent of opponent, it will result in a loss of turn with ball in hand to the opponent. NOTE: If the 8-ball was pocketed the result shall be a loss of game see 4. Pocketing the cue ball or driving it off the table is a ball in hand foul.
If a scratch occurs while shooting the 8-ball, but the 8-ball was not pocketed or removed from the table, the game continues with ball in hand to the opponent scratching on the 8-ball is not a loss of game as long as the 8-ball is still in play. If after the cue ball strikes a legal ball and neither the cue ball nor any other ball hits a rail or is pocketed, it is a ball in hand foul. Causing any ball to come to rest off of the pool table is a foul and any such ball s are pocketed.
This includes any accidental movement of a ball which results in a ball falling into a pocket. The ball accidentally pocketed is not brought back into play, and the incoming player has cue ball in hand. If a player knocks a ball off the table and the ball returns to the playing surface after hitting a person or an object, it is a foul the ball remains on surface. If no object or person was contacted, then normal rules of play apply once the ball returns to the playing surface. NOTE : If a player removes the 8-ball from the pool table, it results in a loss of game see 4.
Failure to have at least one foot on the floor at the moment the cue tip strikes the cue ball is a ball in hand foul. Any miscue on a jump shot is a ball in hand foul. A legal jump shot must be executed by stroking down through the cue ball no scooping or miscues. Shooting while any ball is moving or spinning is a ball in hand foul. If the cue tip strikes the cue ball twice on the same stroke, it is a ball in hand foul. The base of the cue ball must be behind the head string on the break, or it is a ball in hand foul.
Touching an object ball, in any way, while placing the cue ball is a ball in hand foul. While the shooting player is at the table, the non-shooting player, as well as their teammates, cannot disturb, make noises, move around, cause distraction sharking in any way. NOTE: During amateur league play it is understood that the match is between the two players and teammates are not permitted to instruct unless called upon by the shooting player for a Rules Clarification or Time Out see 9.
Marking the table in any way that could provide a player with an advantage in executing a shot is a foul, unless the mark is removed to the satisfaction of the opponent or referee prior to shooting.
Any ball pocketed during safety play remains pocketed. An 8-ball foul occurs when the 8-ball comes to rest off of the pool table, when the 8-ball is pocketed in the wrong pocket or out of sequence, or when the 8-ball is pocketed while a foul occurred i. The game continues if the 8-ball has not been pocketed. Concession of a game or games in tournament play is never encouraged. Any concession of game, for any reason, is considered a loss for the offending player.
Unscrewing any cues during the last game or while the shooting player is on the hill , putting on a jacket, or undertaking any other actions which would indicate that the match is over is considered a forfeiture of the match consult UPA representative or tournament official. Tapping balls is not permitted. Only tournament officials may tap in balls when warranted.
During this time the player may receive instruction from an available teammate. Otherwise a player who receives advice anytime shall grant a ball in hand foul to the opponent. And on the second 2 nd infraction shall grant the current game in favor of the opponent by a forfeit. If in 3 consecutive innings by each player, the players purposefully foul or scratch because both players agree that any attempt to pocket or move an object ball would result in an immediate loss of the game, then the game is considered a stalemate.
At this time, the game would be re-racked and the breaker would remain the same, maintaining the integrity of the alternate break format. Players are allotted fifteen 15 minutes to begin their match, or the match is considered forfeited.
NOTE: Once a match is scheduled to start and a fifteen 15 minute count is desired, the opponent is to notify a tournament official, or UPA representative for an official count. Shot Clock implementation is at the sole discretion of the UPA , its representatives or tournament officials. When a shot clock is utilized it shall be used for both players competing and in the following manner:. The shot clock is to be started once all balls come to rest.
Once one 1 minute has been reached on the shot clock, the shooter must either be stroking or have shot. If the cue ball strikes a legal object ball and a non-legal object ball at about the same instant and it cannot be clearly determined which ball was hit first, the judgment will go in favor of the shooter. Balls must remain in a pocket to count as pocketed. If a ball goes into a pocket and bounces back on to the playing surface, it is not considered pocketed.
If it is the 8-ball, it is not a win. If it is the cue ball, it is not a scratch. Clearing pockets that are full or nearly full of balls is the responsibility of the shooting player. If any ball hangs in a pocket and drops in 5 seconds or less after coming to complete rest by the hole, the ball is considered to be pocketed. Both players will have the opportunity to argue their case. Tournament officials are the sole judges of whether this rule applies to any situation. A ball may settle slightly after it appears to have stopped, possibly due to slight imperfections in the cloth or table slate.
Unless this causes a ball to fall into a pocket, it is considered a normal hazard of play and will not be moved back. If a ball falls into a pocket as a result of such settling, it is replaced as close as possible to its original position on the lip of the pocket. If a ball falls into a pocket during or just prior to a shot and it has an effect on the shot, the referee will restore the ball to its original position and the shot will be replayed.
Players are not penalized for shooting while a ball is settling. It is legal to cause the cue ball to leave the surface of the table by elevating the butt of the cue and, with a downward stroke, force the cue ball to rise off the playing surface.
A legal jump cue must be at least 40 inches in length and constructed in typical cue fashion. NOTE: Standard jump cues are accepted, including phenolic tips. However, cues that are not typical in appearance must be accepted and approved by the UPA. All equipment that is generally accepted throughout the industry is permitted. However, using any equipment in a non-customary manner is never allowed and constitutes a foul. It is the responsibility of the shooting player to know what the intended use of each piece of equipment is: the bridge, jump cues, extensions, etc.
NOTE: The use of headphones and other devices are not permitted. The use of racks and balls not provided by the venue must be agreed upon by both players.
Tournament officials will make every reasonable effort to make the information readily available to all players. However the ultimate responsibility rests with each individual player. There is no recourse if a player does not obtain correct or complete information.
NOTE: Players may always call for rule s clarification during league play. Both players may agree on an audience member familiar with UPA rules to stand in and perform any duty of a tournament official.
If there is a shot that could be a questionable hit or foul, the seated player is responsible for calling for a tournament official or agreed upon third 3rd party to watch the hit before the opponent is shooting. After play continues, it is unlikely that a problem can be remedied. Players are encouraged to score their own matches to ensure accuracy, however a third 3rd party may be permitted by the League Operator.
The scorer is charged to accurately record what actually took place on the pool table and may clarify with the shooter what the intention was whenever needed. If it is believed a player is purposely calling a pocket, however actually plays a safe, then a safety S shall be recorded.
Rules of snooker
The object balls are racked in a diamond shape, with the one ball at the top of the diamond and on the foot spot, the nine ball in the center of the diamond, and the other balls in random order, racked as tightly as possible. The game begins with cue ball in hand behind the headstring. The breaker must strike the 1-ball first and either pocket a ball or drive at least four numbered balls to a rail, failure to do so is a foul. Incoming player accepts table the way it lies with ball in hand or requests a rerack with cue ball behind the headstring. If the cue ball is pocketed or driven off the table, or the requirements of the opening break are not met, it is a foul, and the incoming player has cue ball in hand anywhere on the table.
Due to its simplicity, 8-ball eventually became the most popular recreational version of pocket billiards. And a beloved bar game for generations. Related: Your complete road map to learning how to play pool…. Eight ball can be played on pool tables of many different shapes and sizes. Of course, you don;t really need to worry about whether your table complies with standard 8-ball rules. There are seven solid-colored billiard balls numbered 1 through 7, with seven striped balls numbered 9 through 15, an 8-ball and a solid-white cue ball. Regulation pool balls are usually cast from plastic materials such as phenolic resin or polyester, with a uniform size and weight for the proper action, rolling resistance and overall play properties.
The player who pockets their entire group and then legally pockets the 8-ball wins the game. The player with the lowest official UPA Speed Rating shall break first with an alternating break format taking place thereafter. Winner of lag is the player whose ball is closer to head of the rail. The base of the rack is parallel to the short end of the pool table and is positioned so the ball in the tip of the rack is located on the center of the foot spot. The balls in the rack are pressed together tightly to acquire a solid rack, and remain in contact after the rack is removed. Within the rack, the 8-ball is centered while the two corners are occupied by the two opposite groups one solid ball and one striped ball.
Kelly Pool Rules
Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules of Kelly Pool, the General Rules of Pocket Billiards apply. The game is played on a standard pool table with a standard set of 16 pool balls, a shake bottle , and a set of 15 or 16 numbered peas or "pills". Kelly pool is a "rotation game", which means the shooting player must contact the lowest-numbered ball on the pool table first on each shot.
Pool is a popular game that is played all over the world by millions of people.
8-Ball Rules: An Overview of Pool’s Most Popular Game
Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a baize -covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. It is played using a cue and snooker balls : one white cue ball , 15 red balls worth one point each sometimes played with fewer red balls, commonly 6 or 10 , and six balls of different colours : yellow 2 points , green 3 , brown 4 , blue 5 , pink 6 , black 7. A player or team wins a match when they have achieved the best-of score from a pre-determined number of frames. The number of frames is always odd so as to prevent a tie or a draw. Snooker is played on a rectangular snooker table with six pockets, one at each corner and one in the middle of each long side. The table usually has a slate base, covered in green baize. The cushion at the other end of the table is known as the top cushion.
Мысли ее по-прежнему возвращались к сотруднику лаборатории систем безопасности, распластавшемуся на генераторах. Она снова прошлась по кнопкам. Они не реагировали. - Выключите ТРАНСТЕКСТ! - потребовала .
Это шантаж. Больше всего похоже на требование выкупа. Слова Сьюзан прозвучали слабым, едва уловимым шепотом: - Это… Энсей Танкадо. Джабба повернулся и изумленно посмотрел на. - Танкадо. Сьюзан едва заметно кивнула: - Он требовал, чтобы мы сделали признание… о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ… это стоило ему… - Признание? - растерянно прервал ее Бринкерхофф. - Танкадо требует, чтобы мы признали существование ТРАНСТЕКСТА.
Люди отпивали по глотку вина, крестились и поднимались, направляясь к выходу. Хорошо бы помедленнее. Беккеру не хотелось так быстро уходить от алтаря, но когда две тысячи людей ждут причастия, а обслуживают их всего восемь священнослужителей, было бы неприличным медлить с этим священным глотком. Чаша была уже совсем близко, когда Халохот заметил человека в пиджаке и брюках разного цвета. - Estas ya muerto, - тихо прошептал он, двигаясь по центральному проходу.
Скажи мне, что происходит.
Шифр еще не вскрыт. Время ввода - двадцать три тридцать семь и восемь секунд, однако время завершения дешифровки не указано. - Мидж полистала страницы.
Теоретически постоянная мутация такого рода должна привести к тому, что компьютер, атакующий шифр, никогда не найдет узнаваемое словосочетание и не поймет, нашел ли он искомый ключ. Вся эта концепция чем-то напоминала идею колонизации Марса - на интеллектуальном уровне вполне осуществимую, но в настоящее время выходящую за границы человеческих возможностей. - Откуда вы взяли этот файл? - спросила .
Кроме того, она понимала, что времени почти не оставалось. Стратмор сидел наверху с береттой в руке. Он перечитал свою записку и положил на пол возле .
Она оглянулась и застонала. У входа стоял криптограф Грег Хейл. Это был высокий мужчина крепкого сложения с густыми светлыми волосами и глубокой ямкой на подбородке. Он отличался громким голосом и безвкусно-крикливой манерой одеваться. Коллеги-криптографы прозвали его Галит - таково научное название каменной соли.