Difference Between Pneumonia And Bronchitis Pdf

difference between pneumonia and bronchitis pdf

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Published: 08.05.2021

If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. Disease summary:.

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung primarily affecting the small air sacs known as alveoli. Diagnosis is often based on symptoms and physical examination. Risk factors for pneumonia include cystic fibrosis , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD , sickle cell disease , asthma , diabetes , heart failure , a history of smoking , a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke , and a weak immune system.

Bronchitis and Pneumonia

Taking care of your brain health may be easier than you think! Visit Staying Sharp to learn more. Respiratory conditions like bronchitis and pneumonia symptoms are often hard to differentiate, but this guide can help. Bronchitis and pneumonia both affect the lungs and share some common symptoms, but they are different diseases that require different treatment. Here's how you can tell the difference. The less severe of the two, acute bronchitis is caused by inflammation of the bronchi, the branching tubes that deliver air into the lungs.

Acute Bronchitis

Bronchitis is a swelling of the bronchi, the airways that lead to your lungs. The most common symptoms are coughing and mucus, but you may also have wheezing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and a slight fever. Bronchitis is usually caused by cold or flu viruses, but occasionally a bacterial infection may be the culprit. Acute short-term bronchitis usually goes away on its own, without medicine. Pneumonia is when the small air sacs within your lungs, called alveoli, fill up with fluid or pus due to an infection.


most often a bacterial or viral infection that causes swelling.


Is It Bronchitis or Pneumonia?

Acute bronchitis and pneumonia are often confused because they cause such similar symptoms. A cough that lasts for weeks or even longer are hallmarks of both illnesses. However, there are key differences between these infections that you need to know about.

The respiratory system is the primary interface for inhaled compounds and the center for gas exchange in the body. Alveoli are tiny, balloon-shaped structures that allow the rapid exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and pulmonary capillaries Fig. For gas exchange to occur, the molecules must be capable of traversing three structures: the alveolar epithelium, the interstitial space, and the capillary endothelium.

Chronic bronchitis is a type of COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD is a group of lung diseases that make it hard to breathe and get worse over time. The other main type of COPD is emphysema.

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